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2006.11.04

【判例】退職の際の有給休暇残

退職の際の未消化の有給休暇

退職の際の未消化の有給休暇は一度獲得したものであれば、必ず雇用者はその休暇に値する
額を支払わなければならない。

■行うべきこと
・有給休暇には適切なレベルでのCAPを設ける
・未消化の休暇が消失するポリシーは禁止されている。
・退職する際に、残った休暇に値する額を必ず支払うこと。

Vacation Pay at Termination
Despite a state agency opinion to the contrary, employers must pay out all accrued vacation at termination, regardless of when employees earn it. The California Court of Appeal recently invalidated a Department of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE) "statute of limitations" on employees' ability to reclaim unpaid vacation. The Court said the DLSE had neither the authority nor the expertise to issue such an opinion.

In the case, the employer claimed the employee earned some of the vacation time beyond the DLSE's stated statute of limitations, so it did not have to pay for the portion earned before that time. The Court disagreed and found the employer liable for all of the employee's vacation time. Now, if employees accrue but don't use vacation time, you must pay them for all of it at their compensation rate at the time of termination. Church v. Jamison (October 23, 2006) 2006 Cal. App. LEXIS 1652.



What Should You Do?

・Consider implementing a reasonable cap vacation accrual.
・Do not require "use it or lose it" for vacation time. Use-it-or-lose is not allowed.
・Accurately account for all earned and unused vacation so the correct amount is paid out upon termination.

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